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Home >> >> Yunnan Transport And Communications
Yunnan Transport And Communications

Yunnan has witnessed a fast development in transport and communicatio- ns since the founding of the People's Republic of China, especially in the last 20 years of reform and opening to the outside world, and formed a fairy good transport and communication network composed of highway, railways, aviation and water transport, which links up all parts of the province and provides a good condition for developing tourism in Yunnan.

(1) Highways
Yunnan HighwaysNow, Yunnan has formed a fairly good communication network with Kunming as its center, the national and provincial highways as the trunk lines linking up sub - trunk lines, cities and the countryside, radiating to all parts of the province, connecting to Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi and Tibet as well as the neighboring countries such as Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar etc. By the end of 1995, the mileage of Yunnan highways has reached 65,8000 km, second only to Sichuan Province in China , among which there are 7 national highway lines , 6, 081km; 61 provincial lines, 8,971km; county - level highway lines, 30,950km and country roads, 19,757km, and now highways lead to every township.

The highway trunk lines from Kunming, the provincial capital, to the whole province or other provinces and the border are as follows: Kunming - Wanding Highway (from Kunming to Wanding, namely the Yunnan - Burma Road, 870km), Yunnan - Tibet Highway (Kunming to Yanjing in Tibet, 992km via Dali, Lijiang, and Diqing), Kunming - Hekou Highway (Kunming to He- kou via the Stone Forest, Kaiyuan and Mengzi, 471km), Kunming - Daluo Highway (Kunming to Daluo via Yuxi, Mojiang, Simao and Jinghong, 865km), Yunnan - Guizhou Highway (Kunming to Guiyang via Qujing, 653km), Kunming - Baise Highway (Kunming to Baise in Guangxi via Stone Forest, Kai- yuan, Yanshan, Wenshan and Funing), and Kunming - Suijiang Highway (Kunming to Suijiang via Dongchuan and Zhaotong, 690km).

Of the trunk lines, Kunming - Songming section is the first express way in Yunnan; Chuxiong - Dali is also an expressway; Anning - Xiaoshiba, a first - class state highway; Kunming - Qujing, a second class road. Now, all the 200 trunk lines around Kunming are at a high class level, and the expressways from Kunming to Yuxi, Yuxi to Yuanjiang and Dali to Baoshan are under constructi- on.

The increase in the highway mileage in Yunnan and the improvement of the roads have led to a greater transportation load. In 1995, the volume of goods transportation reached 350,000.000t, and passengers 210,000,000 in the whole province.

(2) Railways
Yunnan RailwaysYunnan is the only province in China where toe standard gauge railway (gauge: 1.435m), meter gauge railway (gauge: 1m) and inch gauge railway (gauge: 0.6m) coexist; thus, Yunnan enjoys the reputation of the Railway Museum. Now, there is an exhibition hall of Yunnan narrow gauge railway history in Kaiyuan City.
Of the Yunnan railways, Kunming Hekou Railway is a meter gauge railways ( gauge: 1.435m), meter gauge railway (gauge: 1m) and inch gauge railway (gauge: 0.6m), coexist; thus, Yunnan enjoys the reputation of the Rai- lway Museum. Now, there is an exhibition hall of Yunnan narrow gauge railw- ay history in Kaiyuan City.
Of the Yunnan railways, Kunming - Hekou Railway is a meter gauge rai- lway, a section of Yunnan - Vietnam Railway, and the first railway in Yunnan. It is 464km long, and was built during the period of 1990 - 1910 and open to traffic in 1910. Jijie- Gejiu Sub - line, 33km long, is the only inch railway in China. The standard gauge railways have been built after the 1960s, of which, Guiyang - Kunming Railway has a section of 341 km in Yunnan and was open to traffic on March 11,1966. Chengdu - Kunming Railway has a total length of 1,100 km, and its Yunnan section is 282 km, and was open to traffic on July 1st, 1970, Nanning - Kunming Railway has a total length of 898 km, and its Yunn- an section is 306km and was open to traffic in December 1st, 1997. In addition, Kunming - Yuxi Railway and Guangtong -Dali Railway have also been put into operation, and Nei - jiang - Kunming Railway has been under construction.

Now on the 4 trunk lines of Guiyang - Kunming, Chengdu - Kunming, Nanning - Kunming and Kunming - Hekou railways, passenger trains and cargo trains run between Beijing, Shanghai, Xi'an, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Beihai as well as Hanoi in Vietnam. The annual passenger transport reaches 12,568,000 persons and cargo transport 11,190,000t.

(3) Aviation
Yunnan AviationThere are now 10 airports in Yunnan Province, namely Kunming, Xishua- ngbanna, Shimao, Dali, Lijiang, Baoshan, Mangshi, Zhaotong, Zhongdian and Lincang (TBA) airports. Kunming Airport is one of the 5 largest airports in China, and a first - class international airport at which Boeing 747 and A310 airplanes can land and take off. The others are second-class airports for Boeing 737 - 300 or those of the same size.

Now, there is an aviation network with Kunming as its base radiating to the whole country, and 6 international lines to Rangoon, Bangkok, Chiangmai, Ventiane, Singapore and Kuala Lumpur, and regional airlines to Hong Kong and Macao. In addition, there are 4 very busy international airlines which pass over Kunming from Europe, Africa, South Asia and West Asia to Hong Kong, Taibei, Seoul, etc., nearly a thousand flights over Kunming a month. There are now 50 domestic air routes, of which 8 are provincial ones to Jinghong, Dali, Lijiang, Mangshi, Simao, Baoshan, Zhaotong, Zhongdian and Lincang (TBA), and the outbound domestic air lines lead to more than 40 large and middle cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Wurumuqi, Harbin, Shengyang, etc. Kunming Airport now can receive nearly 4.5 million passengers a year.

Now Yunnan Airlines possesses 21 Boeing 737 and 767 airplanes.

(4) Water Transport
There are 6 river systems in Yunnan Province, which ranks first in terms of water systems in China and is very rich in water resources. Exploitable water systems in China and is very rich in water resources. Exploitable water ways are over 8,000km, but being short of technology, the navigable mileage is only 1,324km. The focal point of river navigation development is on the Jinsha River ( the upper Yangtze ) and the Lancang River ( the upper Mekong). There are Shuifu Port and Suijiang Port on the Jinsha River, and Shuifu Port is at present the No.1 river port in Yunnan. From Shuifu Port down the Jinsha River, the boat can reach Chongqing, Wuhan, Nanjing, Shanghai, etc., which is the longest inland waterway in China (2,884km). The lancing River with its lower reaches called Mekong is the only international river linking 6 countries in Asia. Its total water course is 4,880 km with 2,130 km in China and 1,200 km in Yunnan, and the China - Myanmar border river is 31 km, with a very good per- spective for river navigation. Now there are two big good river ports, Simao Port and Jinghong Port on the Lancong River, and they are also the state - level trading ports in Yunnan Province.

In addition, the Dianchi Lake, the Erhai Lake, the Fuxian Lake, etc. are also important water ways in Yunnan.

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