Flora and Fauna of Yunnan
Yunnan tops other parts of China in terms of plants species.
There are 30000 species of plants in China, 18000 were found
in Yunnan. Therefore, Yunnan is reputed as “a land of
The cash crops in Yunnan include tobacco,
tea, sugar cane, rubber, and coffee, etc. Tea and rubber play
the leading role.
Yunnan boasts of more than 2100 species
of ornamental plants, among them, 1500 are flowers. Camellia,
azalea, primrose, rough gentian, lily, magnolia, orchid, and
meconopsis integrifolia are the eight celebrated flowers of
Yunnan is one of China's main herb medicine producers. A large
number of medicinal herbs can be found in Yunnan, such as,
pseudo ginseng, angelica, gastrodia, etc.
Yunnan has a timber reserve of more than
one billion cubic meters, ranking the third in China. Many
of the species are precious, such as, dragon spruce, teak,
Toona, Black Rosewood, and Chinese yew, etc.
Yunnan is also known as “a kingdom of animals”.
There are 1638 species of vertebrate animals living in Yunnan;
taking up 54.9% of the total in China. Among them, 253 species
are beasts; accounting for 55.6 of the total in China, and
783 species are birds; making up 65.7 of the total in the
Rare animals like rhinoceros, wild ox,
Indochina tiger, wild elephant, gibbon, and Yunnan snub-nosed
monkey, are only found in Yunnan. Many ancient animals have
survived here, such as antelope, etc, making Yunnan “the
gene pool of species”.
Nowadays, there are 132 species of animals
are under state-level protection, 33 species are under province-level
protection. Meanwhile, 34 nature reserves have been set up