In the sublime Xiaoliangshan
Mountains of Yongning District of the Ninglang Yi Autonomous
County is inlaid a shimmering pearl - Lugu Lake. It
is the native place of "The Females' Kingdom" composed
of the Mosuo people, a branch of the Naxi nationality.
"Lugu" means "falling into the water" in the Mosuo language.
Hence the name of the lake.
Lugu Lake is located between Yunnan's
Ninglang County and Sichuan's Yanyuan County, with a
total area of 77,700-odd mu, the space within the precincts
of Yunnan being 41,400 mu. It is 2,685 m. above sea
level. Its average depth of water is 40 m., the greatest
depth being 90 m. Among Yunnan's lakes it stands only
second to Fuxianhu Lake in terms of depth of water.
The water of the lake is generally clean and green,
with different shades of colour: turquoise blue, sapphire
blue, white-gray, simply beyond one's imagination. On
the lake are the "pig-trough boats" specific to the
place. Teeming in the lake are fine-scaled fish, carps
and other species. The lake waters flow eastwards to
the Yalong River and finally into the surging Jingshajiang
Lugu Lake is surrounded by high and
sublime mountains and is snowbound for over 3 months.
Since thc lake is rather deep, a definite regulating
influence is exerted on the temperature of the lake
shores. Therefore the surrounding mountains abound in
forest resources which afford an exquisite beauty, much
fresh air and charming scenery. At present it is one
of the places in China which is least damaged by human
efforts and best preserved in its natural features.
The shores of the lake is inhabited
by the Mosuo people who have peculiar customs and ways,
up to now still retaining remnants of matriarchal society.
Men and women are not united by wedlock, each living
at the mother's home respectively, yet keeping a casual
cohabitation relationship. Thus the place is called
"A Quaint Realm of Matriarchy".
The male and female youth of the Mosuo
people, having fostered mutual love in the long period
of productive labour and social activities, begin to
reciprocate "tokens". The male party, in accordance
with his economic conditions, presents the female party
with gold or silver ornaments, jade bracelets, beads
and silk threads, etc. The "tokens" returned by the
female party are generally some personal accessories
which the other party likes. Given such an affection
on both sides, the seniors of the male party would bring
some "loquat meat", and some tea, sugar or wine to pay
a visit to those of the female party. Once agreement
is obtained from them, an axia (spouse) relationship
is established for the two. However, such relationship
can also be fixed without going through the above procedure.
After this the two parties continue to live in their
own homes. The male "axia" labours for his home in the
daytime, and goes to the female "axia" at night for
cohabiting with her in her home. The family of the female
"axia" looks upon the male as one of its own members.
During the rush farming season, the male "axia" goes
to the home of the other party to help with work. Those
who have fixed their "axia" relationship call each other
"azhu", which means "dear companion", but never husband
or wife. Therefore, it is not appropriate to speak of
"father", who instead is only referred to as "maternal
uncle". The female is predominant and is therefore the
leader of a family. With the Mosuos goddess worship
and the remnants of the matriarchal period, the Luguhu
Lake area is indeed one of the rare specimens of "The
Female's Kingdom" in the world and a 'living fossil
of the matriarchal society hard to come by".
Lijiang tours to Lugu Lake:
Days Lijiang Tours To Lugu Lake
Days Yunnan Tours: Kunming, Dali, Lijiang, Lugu Lake
Days Yunnan Trekking Tour: Lijiang To Lugu Lake
Lijiang Ancient Town
Tiger Leaping Gorge
First Bend Of Yangtze
Lashihai Lake (Lashi
Black Dragon Pool
Naxi Classical Music
Naxi ethnic minority
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain Golf