Baoshan Stone Town
The Stone town is located about 110 km north
of Lijiang. It comprises of more than one hundred families
on the top of a gigantic rock. This town was built in the
late 13th century (Yuan Dynasty).
Like the Machu citizen of Inca Empire, Boshan
is also a huge stone town. This stone town lies in the Jinshajiang
River valley northeast of Jade Dragon Mountain. It is not
a castle made of stones but a town built on a gigantic rock.
The people built their houses according to the things that
they can use around them. Some people use stones to make columns,
desks and tables, and some water vats, stone kitchen range
and even bed. All these stones are polished smoothly,. They
record life Naxi people year by year. Touching the stones
we can feel that our ancestors are living around us. The most
amazing thing in town is the indepent irrigating system that
the villagers use for each track of field without affect those
of others', which shows us the admirable wisdom of the Naxi
In the Naxi tongue, it is called "La
Bai Lu Pan Wu". La Bai was the first local Naxi leader,
who lives here. Lu Pan Wu means white stone village. This
town has such a long history due to it's unique geographic
location. Below this stone town and towards the eastern side,
lies the Golden Sand River. The other three sides are steep
cliffs. The top of the cliff becomes a guarding post for the
town.In this town, you may feel amazed at the sight of many
household equipments which were make of stone. In most of
the houses, their household items e.g. table, bed, water tank,
fire stove are all carved out of big stones. You may wonder
where do they do their farming of crops. They do their planting
just below this uniquely perched village.
Different with the mystical disappearance
of the Machu Pichu citizen, the Stone Town of Baoshan has
existed for thousands of years from the day when it was built.
Naxi people use about a thousand years to move from northwest
China to the bank of the Jinshajiang River and develop from
a nomadic ethnic group that can make a town on a huge rock.
This castle built by Naxi ancestors is not only a military
defense but also a homeland for the people. More than one
hundred households live here from generation to generation.
They keep the ancient tradition and lead a free and peaceful
life on this rock.