in the middle of Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, Kunming is renowned
as the City of Eternal Spring. It has an elevation of 1,891
meters with mountains surrounding it at three sides and the
Dianchi Lake bordering on its south. It boasts pleasant climate
all the year round and ample sunshine and rainfall, turning
plants green and flowers in bloom in all seasons. Kunming
is a historically and culturally famous city of China, the
provincial capital and the centre of politics, economy, culture,
science, technology and communications of Yunnan.
It covers an area of 15,427 sq. km. Under its jurisdiction,
there are 4 urban districts and 8 outskirt counties, namely:
Panlong, Wuhua, Xishan and Guangdu Districts, and Anning,
Chengong, Jinning, Fumin, Songming, Yiling, Lunan and Luquan
Counties. The total population of Kunming registers 3.3 million
people, of which the urban population is about one million.
There are 12 resident nationalities, including the Han, Yi,
Miao, Bai, Hui, Hani, etc. residing and working in the city,
and people of all the 26 nationalities of Yunnan Province
can also be found here.
Kunming is a place where wonderful scenery bestowed by nature
and achievements of human culture coexist. With a long history
and distinctive geographical features, Kunming is endowed
with numerous places of historical interest and natural wonders.
Around Kunming City, there are 12 scenic spots, namely: Huating
Monastery, Taihua Monastery, Sanqingge Pavilion and the Dragon
Gate, constructed in the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties and
located at the Forest Park of the Western Hills; the Grand
View (Daguan) Park and the 180-character Couplet, famed in
China for its length and beauty; the Golden Palace (Jindian)
made of bronze during the Ming Dynasty; the Black Dragon Pool
and its reputed plum of the Tang Dynasty, the cypress of the
Song Dynasty, and the camellia of the Ming Dynasty; the Bamboo
Monastery with its 500 Arhats, renowned as "a pearl of sculptural
art in the East"; the Yuantong Monastery, constructed in the
Tang Dynasty and expanded in the Song Dynasty; the Kunming
Zoo and its 100 and more species of animals and a sea of cherry
flowers and flowering crabapples; the Green Lake park and
its limpid waters; Tanghua Monastery of the Ming Dynasty and
its flowers and plants; the Haigeng Beach with its fine sand;
Anning Hot Spring - the "Number One Hote Spring in the World"
and Caoxi Monastery and the Stone Forest with its myriad of
pinnacles reputed as a natural wonder under heaven. Kunming
have attractive landscape, majestic mountain ranges, rivers,
caves, various ethnic customes and historic heritage. It is
also enjoys the fame as the "kingdom of animals" and the "kingdom
of plants". Hence Kunming attracts more and more tourists
from home and abroad.