Honghe Hani and Yi
Nationalities Autonomous Prefecture
the southern feet of Ailao an Liushao Mountains, there extends
a vast stretch of beautiful richly endowed and mystical land.
This is the Honghe Autonomous Prefecture of Hani and
Yi Nationalities, much alike a piece of green precious stone
inlaid at the southernmost end of China.
The Honghe River flows from
the west to the east across the prefecture. Found in
this area are dense tropical rain forests like many
green peaks rising one higher than another, immense
variety of karst landforms, many deep mirror-like plateau
lakes, magnificent views of seas of clouds in the valleys
and ravines, tiers upon tiers of terraced fields which
reach to the sky, and rich rare-metal resources renown
home and abroad.
Honghe Hani & Yi Autonomous
Prefecture, founded on November 18th, 1957 consists
of the original Mengzi prefecture, Honghe Hani &
Yi Prefecture and Gejiu, a city under provincial jurisdiction.
It was named after the Honghe River which flows across
its cities and counties.
Prefecture is located in south of Yunnan
province with a borderline of 848 kilometers. It borders
with 6 counties, two provinces and Republic Vietnam. There
are two first-grade trading ports of the State, namely Hekou
and Jinshuihe. It covers an area of 32,931 square kilometers
and administrates two cities, namely Gejiu and Kaiyuan, 11
counties namely Mengzi, Jianshui,
Shiping, Mile, Luxi, Pingbian, Hekou, Jinping, Yuanyang,
Honghe and Luchun.
Besides Han nationalities there are
9 other ethnic minorities.i.e. Hani, Yi, Miao, Dai,
Zhuang, Yao, Hui, Lahu and Buyi, that dwell in the prefecture.
It is the main are in which Hani and Yi as well as Hui
Honghe Hani & Yi Autonomous Prefecture
is situated in the region of plateau monsoon with low
latitude and with the Tropic of Cancer crossing through
its middle continent. Topographically it has various
types of topography ranging from high mountains with
the altitude of 3074.7 meters to river valleys of 76.4
tropical and subtropical climates are dominated with dry and
wet seasons, which make the weather neither very hot in summer
nor cold in winter. Therefore all four seasons are like spring.
The climate may change dramatically at different altitudes.
There are plenty of natural
resources in Honghe prefecture, geographical superiority,
and wonderful land with development possibilities.