the sublime Xiaoliangshan Mountains of Yongning District of
the Ninglang Yi Autonomous County is inlaid a shimmering pearl
- Lugu Lake. It is the native place of "The Females' Kingdom"
composed of the Mosuo people, a branch of the Naxi nationality.
"Lugu" means "falling into the water" in the Mosuo language.
Hence the name of the lake.
Lugu Lake is located between Yunnan's Ninglang
County and Sichuan's Yanyuan County, with a total area of
77,700-odd mu, the space within the precincts of Yunnan being
41,400 mu. It is 2,685 m. above sea level. Its average depth
of water is 40 m., the greatest depth being 90 m. Among Yunnan's
lakes it stands only second to Fuxianhu Lake in terms of depth
of water. The water of the lake is generally clean and green,
with different shades of colour: turquoise blue, sapphire
blue, white-gray, simply beyond one's imagination. On the
lake are the "pig-trough boats" specific to the place. Teeming
in the lake are fine-scaled fish, carps and other species.
The lake waters flow eastwards to the Yalong River and finally
into the surging Jingshajiang River.
Lake is surrounded by high and sublime mountains and is snowbound
for over 3 months. Since thc lake is rather deep, a definite
regulating influence is exerted on the temperature of the
lake shores. Therefore the surrounding mountains abound in
forest resources which afford an exquisite beauty, much fresh
air and charming scenery. At present it is one of the places
in China which is least damaged by human efforts and best
preserved in its natural features.
The shores of the lake is inhabited by the
Mosuo people who have peculiar customs and ways, up to now
still retaining remnants of matriarchal society. Men and women
are not united by wedlock, each living at the mother's home
respectively, yet keeping a casual cohabitation relationship.
Thus the place is called "A Quaint Realm of Matriarchy".
male and female youth of the Mosuo people, having fostered
mutual love in the long period of productive labour and social
activities, begin to reciprocate "tokens". The male party,
in accordance with his economic conditions, presents the female
party with gold or silver ornaments, jade bracelets, beads
and silk threads, etc. The "tokens" returned by the female
party are generally some personal accessories which the other
party likes. Given such an affection on both sides, the seniors
of the male party would bring some "loquat meat", and some
tea, sugar or wine to pay a visit to those of the female party.
Once agreement is obtained from them, an axia (spouse) relationship
is established for the two. However, such relationship can
also be fixed without going through the above procedure. After
this the two parties continue to live in their own homes.
The male "axia" labours for his home in the daytime, and goes
to the female "axia" at night for cohabiting with her in her
home. The family of the female "axia" looks upon the male
as one of its own members. During the rush farming season,
the male "axia" goes to the home of the other party to help
with work. Those who have fixed their "axia" relationship
call each other "azhu", which means "dear companion", but
never husband or wife. Therefore, it is not appropriate to
speak of "father", who instead is only referred to as "maternal
uncle". The female is predominant and is therefore the leader
of a family. With the Mosuos goddess worship and the remnants
of the matriarchal period, the Luguhu Lake area is indeed
one of the rare specimens of "The Female's Kingdom" in the
world and a 'living fossil of the matriarchal society hard
to come by".
Lijiang tours to Lugu Lake:
Days Lijiang Tours To Lugu Lake
Days Yunnan Tours: Kunming, Dali, Lijiang, Lugu Lake
Days Yunnan Trekking Tour: Lijiang To Lugu Lake