Culture refers to ancient Naxi culture, which is given the
name because it has been passed down by "dongbas". The Dongba
hieroglyphs, the Dongba Scriptures, and the Dongba painting,
music and dance compose in the aggregate the Dongba culture.
The Naxi people are an ancient civilised people. As early
as over one thousand year ago, it brought into being a polytheist
it primitive religion called the Dongba, which created the
hieroglyphs and a whole system of the Dongba culture. The
latter has been handed down to the present time and has become
a precious cultural legacy of the Chinese people.
Dongba culture originated from the Primary
Naxi Religion, and believes in the supernatural gods and their
rule over the world. It is polytheism and incorporates Lamaism,
Buddism and Daoism. Dongba shaman, which means "wise man",
is a witch doctor, scholar, craftsman as well as an artist.
The Dongba religion is of fetish. Ancestor and Nature Worshipping
are the basic characteristics. The varied rituals, preserved
among people through pictograph, scriptures and religious
form, are the main carrier.
hieroglyphs, or the Dongba script, consists of more than 3,000
words in addition to some 700 simplified hieroglyphs. The
Dongba Scriptures are a voluminous and substantial Naxi encyclopedia.
The more than 20,000 volumes of the book series contain ancient
legends and tales, narrative epics, folk poems, proverbs and
descriptions of the Naxi populace's life in olden times and
its relationship with other peoples. It is therefore a precious
source material for the study of the naxi people's religion,
history, social development, life customs and language. Related
to the Dongba primitive religion much influenced by the Bon
Sect of the Tibetan Lamaism are the Dongba painting, Dongba
music and dance. It is reported that a volume of dance notation
called "Cuo Tang", which records the Dongba dance, is the
only hieroglyphic choreography hitherto discovered in the
world, and is held in high regard by the scholars of the world.
The "Dongba Scroll Painting" are invaluable treasures in the
The exhibition of Dongba Art
can be found in the Jade Fountain Park on the
northern edge of town. It is centred in some buildings
in the park that include the Moon Embracing Pavilion
with its own bridge across the water, called the
white marble Belt Bridge and the Ming Dynasty
Five Phoenix Temple. Other elements of Cultural
Art are the Baisha Murals and the Tangqia Paintings.